Since the start of the war, the Graf Spee had been prowling the sea lanes, attacking Allied merchant shipping. 6. 51. The Secretary
Subsequently some after underwater conpartments were found to be flooded. "POPE", which was stationed on the starboard bow of "EXETER", informed me that onboard "POPE" they felt certain that this enemy destroyer was hit.
32. HMS Exeter fought in the Falklands War and the first Gulf War and was scrapped in 2009. HMS Exeter (68) was ordered on March 15th, 1928 and saw her keel laid down at the Devonport Dockyard in Plymouth on August 1st, 1928. 29. Instructions were received for ships to be ready to sail at 1800, which prohibited cruisers from completing with fuel since no oilers were available and time was insufficient to proceed to oiling berths inside a basin. 7. "EXETER" anchored in SOURABAYA roads just before midnight and proceeded to a berth alongside at the Naval Base at 0700/28. The enemy cruisers were disposed in pairs, one pair approximately abeam to starboard and the other on the port quarter. One minute later, when HMS Exeter had fired eight salvoes, another 11” shell knocked out her ‘B’ turret. These latter showered splinters, which caused many casualties and much unexpected damage; most of the bridge personnel of H.M.S. 174. While the enemy torpedo attack was developing and after EXETER had turned to a Southerly course, the main armament engaged the four funnel cruiser leading the attack, the four inch armament also being engaged with enemy destroyers. document.write(">- Contact RAL"); (likely from the cruisers Haguro or Nachi). Ajax from those of H.M.S. (ii) This action demonstrated in a very marked manner the difficulty of working with a heterogeneous squadron composed of ships of different nationalities all of whose methods, but in particular those of signalling and fire distribution, differ from our own and with whom there had been no opportunity of even the briefest discussion on such matters. (g) Enemy cruisers straddling and hitting from long range and enemy destroyers drawing ahead and now barely within secondary armament range. This hope was short lived as the energy ships were seen to turn towards though still well hull down. The Exeter was badly damaged by shell fire from the Japanese cruiser Haguro in the first Battle of the Java Sea on Feb. 27, 1942, but it survived to fight in … Posted by. Reload Time 12 sec. The five enemy destroyers were by this time nearly abeam to starboard and just within effective range of "EXETER"'s four inch armament, which engaged them, as did the 8 inch armamsnt when other targets were obscured by smoke. About the time that the enemy cruisers found the range, "POPE" made smoke without receiving an order to do so. The 8-inch mounting proved its worth by the fact that the only turret in H.M.S. Fire was then shifted to the second four funnel cruiser. 35. (e) Port torpedo tubes fired and no target available for starboard tubes. There was however no indication of this on the R.D/F screen nor was any aircraft sighted until action was subsequently joined. 8. In reply I was informed that the matter was being fully considered at BANDOENG. 34 no acknowledgement was obtained of the enemy report made and repeated about 0800/1. Almost simultaneously two more large cruisers were sighted bearing approximately 330 degrees and these at once turned towards. The ensuing action is difficult to describe in detail with no records available. Maximum HE shell damage – 2850. Anticipated courses and speeds were accordingly given to the Navigating Officer of "DE WITT", but she did not join and no information was received as to whether or not she ever left SOURABAYA. It is understood that both "ENCOUNTER" and "POPE" claimed hits on the enemy destroyers but no doubt these will be made in their separate reports. When asked what happened to the second six inch cruiser he did not reply and quickly changed the subject. More than three and a half years has elapsed since the events covered by this report took place, but the essential points were recorded within three weeks of that time and have been most carefully preserved throughout my captivity by such devices as concealment in a large empty shaving cream tube and similar subterfuges, causing me considerable concern during frequent searches by the Japanese. This signal is believed to have been the result of a decision made at BANDOENG, since I had, in telephonic conversation with Rear Admiral PALLISER that morning from the Dutch naval headquarters, been warned to be prepared for such orders in spite of the fact that, at the time, six of "EXETER"'s eight boilers were out of action. 15. "EXETER" under my command on the latter date. Four funnel SENDAI class cruiser referred to in para. 17. The aircraft of H.M.S. Some 400 survivors of "EXETER" were picked up after about one hour in the water by two Japanese destroyers, which then left the scene of the action on an Easterly course. Light was failing and the time must have been about 1830. Until this boiler room could be entered and thorough examination made, it was not possible to say how soon, if at all, other boilers could be put in working order. 4. 4 years ago. 30. It is reproduced here by kind permission of The National … The above mentioned enemy ships namely, 2 ASHIGARA or ATAGO class cruisers, 2 SENDAI class cruisers, and 12 ASASHIO class destroyers composed the enemy force during daylight on 27th February as far as could be seen from EXETER although officers from HOUSTON and PERTH subsequently stated that 6 or more enemy cruisers were present. The general trend of the action was Easterly with course varying between about 070 degrees and 110 degrees as alterations were made to avoid straddling or to open "A" arcs. 16. It appeared as though little if any arrangement had been made in this respect prior to arrival. This is the report by the Captain of Exeter, covering the Battle of the Java Sea, in which Exeter was sunk, and Captain O.L.Gordon RN was taken a POW by the Japanese. Fire was at once opened with Y turret and course altered to open "A" arcs. and then more slowly until the main engines had to be stopped. British material proved most satisfactory. This indicates that the lessons of the Battle of Jutland, when three battlecruisers were lost owing to lack of anti-flash precautions, have been effectively applied in our post-war construction. HMS Exeter was badly damaged by gunfire and two torpedoes from the destroyer Inazuma, the cruisers captain decided it was a lost cause and scuttled the Exeter off Bawean Island. From my orders and routeing I had no doubt in my mind that my object was evasion in this attempt to clear the JAVA SEA, and accordingly I turned away stern on to avoid being sighted, then worked round to the Northward and resumed course 345 degrees at about 0430. The most powerful ship in the Battle of the River Plate was the Admiral Graf Spee, a German Deutschland-class pocket battleship commanded by Captain Langsdorff. She had a displacement of 8,400 tons, a complement of 628 and main armament of three twin 8-inch guns in addition to AA guns and torpedoes. The fifth HMS Exeter was a Type 42 Destroyer. Neither "EXETER" nor destroyers had yet been hit but now, despite the use of smoke (from funnel and smoke floats), salvos were falling close and snaking was necessary to avoid being hit. He was friendly and spoke good English. 39. She was launched to sea on July 18th, 1929 and was formally commissioned on July 27th, 1931. Transcribed by RESEARCHER @ LARGE. At approximately 1610 masts were sighted to the Northward. 27. 2.3k. Later reports showed that the large enemy convoy previously referred to was remaining in position some 10 miles West of BAWEAN ISLAND. The Guardian has the full report. HMS Exeter (68) was a York-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy that served in World War II. The ship quickly righted, rolled over to starboard and sank at about 1150 in some 30 fathoms in very approximate position 04 degrees 38 minutes South, 112 degrees 28 minutes EAST. Some ten minutes later a very heavy explosion was observed starboard side amidships, the column of water from this explosion being higher than the masts. The gunnery officer of U.S.S. The aircraft of H.M.S. Ship immediately after their transmission but it is believed that the attacking destroyers fired torpedos! Were: - smokescreens generated by chemical floats misleading conception of the shell which damaged port... 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