As a transient structure between backhaul and fronthaul, mobile midhaul is the link between a macro-BBU and its extending RAUs, as shown in figure 4. (Online version in colour. Multi-service coexistence, multi-RAT support and LAA allow all users to receive reliable and affordable services beyond emerging 5G standards. Though midhaul and fronthaul have similar roles, fronthaul has higher convergence, especially in a fully centralized architecture. The evolution of integrating existing and emerging technologies to support the ultimate RAN convergence is happening rapidly. Laptopsb. In comparison with their high-speed counterparts, low-speed DAC/ADCs with high resolution and reliable performance can provide us with an inexpensive option to employ a low-cost intensity modulation/direct detection (IM/DD) scheme for a future digitized optical access network, especially at BSs. Presentation about how media convergence influences media organizations and media work. If people want to cook some special and delicious foods, no matter whether this is their first time to cook them or not, they will check the recipes from some cooking apps to help them cook that. Figure 5. Third, CMW and MMW cells should have the function of providing flexible support for different service coverage areas, including both indoor and outdoor situations [25]. With the help of digital data gathering techniques and analytics, marketers can track many different consumer behavior variables at many different stages of the sales funnel. To reach high spectral efficiency, advanced MMW technologies are desired for signalling, and this is realized by the supporting fibre–wireless convergence. Convergence is the process where several media channels come together to exist and operate in synergy. As the cell size gets reduced and the number increases, it will be too expensive to build, upgrade and operate the network, as each cell needs its own BS at the cell site. Figure 3. This has also brought about a change in the dynamics of economy as distribution and cost structure is not the same in traditional media. A versatile multi-structure mobile fronthaul architecture based on RoF technologies and C-RAN hierarchy can converge different access technologies and provide users with proximal access in different environments. Which of the following is an Example of Technology?a. Therefore, it is necessary to centralize and thus eliminate the BS cost, and consequently allow multiple heterogeneous services to share them [5]. The ‘wall’ between different cells creates a challenge in both mobile users’ experience and the backhauling for cell sites. No longer are organisations opposed to the changing landscape; rather embracing the digital revolution. To reliably support multi-Gbps data rates, high-frequency bands will be exploited for high-capacity access and coverage. In addition, to solve the fourth problem mentioned above, MWP technologies are applied to generate and distribute high carrier frequencies in the optical domain and ease the requirement on electrical components. There is no need for film processing, printing and physical distribution. In addition, greater audience engagement can help to enhance the way people experience the media. Future 5G RANs will increase the requirement for backhaul capacity by at least 10 times considering the effective throughput for each user and multi-antenna technologies. Currently, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) [16], carrier-less amplitude and phase (CAP) modulation [17] and sub-carrier multiplexing (SCM) [18] have been deeply investigated. Different from RRHs, only O/E (optical-to-electrical), E/O (electrical-to-optical) and a few RF components are needed at the end of the fibre fronthaul as the radio access units (RAUs). 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