"Convergence is a broad rethinking of how all scientific research can be conducted, so that we capitalize on a range of knowledge bases, from microbiology to computer science to engineering design," MIT Institute Professor and Nobel Laureate Phillip Sharp, one … This report discusses details of current programs, how organizations have chosen to measure success, and what has worked and not worked in varied settings. It is the closest to transdisciplinary research which was historically viewed as the pinnacle of evolutionary integration across disciplines. 2002. Convergence deals with the closeness of an object. Convergence research is a means of solving vexing research problems, in particular, complex problems focusing on societal needs. Through research groups called Collaboratories CBN scientists build synergistic inter-disciplinary partnerships among investigators using different models, technologies and approaches. Digitalization and integration of platforms, contents, and production processes in a global context are examined. (Available on: https://www.nsf.gov/crssprgm/nano/reports/MCR_11-0201_JNR13_NNI+at+10+years_11051_2010_192_print.pdf), Roco, M.C., C.A. W. S. Bainbridge and M. C. Roco 2016. Comments (0) Add to wishlist Delete from wishlist. This effort is a multi-institutional collaboration headquartered at the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, with managing partners at Harvard University. Converging Knowledge, Technology and Society: Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio- Info-Cognitive Technologies, edited by M.C. They are powered by skeletal muscle cells controlled by electronic impulses. See for example, [1-11]. (CBiRC) is developing the tools, components and materials needed to transform carbohydrate feedstocks into bio-based chemicals. SynBerc is a multi-institutional consortium with faculty members from UC-Berkeley, Stanford, Harvard, MIT, and UCS. The program seeks to encourage a cross-disciplinary, more theory-driven science and to use synthetic biology approaches to probe fundamental questions in biology. In 2008 NSF also collaborated with the UK Physical Science Research Council to organize an intensive workshop (an IDEAS Lab or Sandpit) in synthetic biology. NSF established the Science and Technology Research (STC) Centers Program in 1989 to help maintain U.S. preeminence in science and technology and ensure the requisite pool of scientists with the quality and breadth of experience required to meet the changing needs of science and society. IFRS and GAAP Convergence Name of Instructor Institution’s Name IFRS and GAAP Convergence 1.0 Introduction The General Motors Corporation (GM) is an American multinational automobile manufacturer. NNI cumulatively totals over $22 billion since the inception of the NNI in 2001. Most of the examples of convergence programs and institutes discussed in Chapter 4 were established around a core subset of life, physical, medical, and engineering sciences. Convergence in distribution of a sequence of random variables. The field of atmospheric science has traditionally been organized around three discretely separate scales of analysis: small scale (100 times smaller than the earth); medium scale- (earth scale); large scale-(whole atmosphere). The concept of convergence in distribution is based on the … Box 498892 Cincinnati, OH 45249-8892. info@convergenceresearch.com Phone: 866.606.4023 Fax: 866.945.9369 Collaborative projects between and among participants, rather than efforts limited to the research group of an individual participant, are the desired outcome. Driven by the need for standardized and sustainable biological parts, synthetic biology applies engineering principles to achieve high levels of control in manipulating or creating new cells and organisms. Convergent validity and divergent validity are ways to assess the construct validity of a measurement procedure (Campbell & Fiske, 1959). seek out further examples of media convergence in action, perhaps applying what follows to their scholarly background (be that arts, humanities, social science, or the Available on, Roco, M.C., 2016, “Building foundational knowledge and infrastructure for nanotechnology: 2000-2030”, in, NSTC (National Science and Technology Council)/White House. In 2012 the NSF began its participation in ERASynBio [5], an international initiative of funding agencies to promote the development of Synthetic Biology and to cultivate and coordinate national efforts and funding programs. The Third Revolution: The Convergence of the Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Engineering, MIT 2016. The Center adopted a novel convergence strategy that initially built upon the expertise of researchers in material science, mechanical engineering, and chemistry who are not part of the traditional water research community. MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts. This perspective stems from the pragmatic foundations for conducting mixed methods research where the notion of “what works” applies well to selecting the methods that “work” best to address a study’s problem and questions. The Center is also founded on the premise that its objectives are best reached by establishing a new field of study. [2] Growing Convergence Research (GCR) Webinar - January 2020 (PowerPoint Presentation), National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, Virginia 22314, USA Tel: (703) 292-5111, FIRS: (800) 877-8339 | TDD: (800) 281-8749, National Science Foundation - Where Discoveries Begin, Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE), Environmental Research and Education (ERE), International Science and Engineering (OISE), Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences (SBE), Responsible and Ethical Conduct of Research, Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide (PAPPG), Award Statistics (Budget Internet Info System), National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES), Growing Convergence Research (GCR) Webinar - January 2020 (PowerPoint Presentation), Proposal & Award Policies Procedures Guide (PAPPG). Handbook of Science and Technology Convergence, Springer Reference, Berlin. The Center of Advanced Materials for Purification of Water with Systems (The WaterCAMPWS) [2] is a research and education center for increasing water supplies for human use through enhanced treatment technologies. References. The retinal disparity is the distance between two different objects. “The Long View of Nanotechnology Development: the National Nanotechnology Initiative at 10 years”, J. Nanoparticle Research, Vol. The Center seeks to combine bio-catalysis and chemical catalysis CBiRC to create powerful systems that have the potential to nurture a sustainable bio-based chemical industry. “It catalyzed the way brain is studied: rather than focusing on the (behavioral) symptoms, CBN focused on brain regions for examining neural systems that govern social behavior. The results of this study are intended to inform those who might support efforts to develop curricula and materials; faculty and university administrators; industries with needs for CPS workers; and current and potential students about intellectual foundations, workforce requirements, employment opportunities, and curricular needs [4]. The NSF Engineering Directorate has made investments in synthetic biology through their core programs, as well as through special competitions in the Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI) program. For example, biochemistry, nanoscience, and neuroscience all emerged as interdisciplinary fields that eventually grew to become their own disciplines. In addition, the Small Business Innovative Research and the Small Business Technology Transfer (SBIR/STTR) programs invited proposals with translational potential in synthetic biology. NSF (National Science Foundation). 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