On white oak, sanding produces a smooth, relatively scratch-free surface with little or no fuzzing. Oregon white oaks in the Willamette Valley have over one hundred lichen species that grow on trunks, branches, and twigs. Of the western hardwoods, Oregon white oak is one of the most resistant to damage from ice and snow. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: Yes. Finishing All white oaks finish well, although it may be necessary to fill the grain. Oregon white oak, Quercus garryana, grows along the Pacific Coast from southern California north through the interior valleys of western Oregon and the Puget Sound Lowland to southwest British Columbia, where it is called Garry oak. Regeneration from Seed Natural regeneration from seed is often quite good where there has been soil disturbance, particularly in the absence of fire or grazing. This suggests that site preparation and control of competition from grasses and shrubs could greatly improve growth of Oregon white oak seedlings in the field. Oregon white oak stands may achieve basal area of up to 265 ft2 per acre and volume as high as 4500 ft3 per acre. variety; Quercus garryana var. Ecological Role Oregon white oak is a persistent climax or sub-climax species on dry sites or under regimes of periodic fire. White oaks color best with dyes or transparent stains, especially if dramatic color changes are sought. Oak bark is known to have many health-promoting properties, including up to 20% tannins. Flooring 2. This oak is ideal for indoor furniture, engineered oak flooring and panelling. The hardness, tannin content, and density of these woods cause considerable tool dulling and sandpaper wear. 1980. Other factors include the disappearance of acorn-eating grizzly bears. The nutritious acorns that they produce provide an important food source in winter when other foods are scarce. maximum). Sparse development of branches in closed stands indicates intolerance to shade. It grows from sea level to 3800 ft in the north and at elevations of up to 7500 ft at the southern end of its range. Oregon white oak; however, it is used in ORGANON to project the growth of all species. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. The acorns ripen from August to November during the first season after flowering. Log grades developed for eastern hardwoods may be a useful marketing tool in the future. Performance of Oregon white oak has been poor to fair in limited outplanting trials, however. Family: FAGACEAE . Leaves alternate, simple, 5-15 cm long, dark green, round lobed, autumn … The root system of this species is composed of a deep taproot and well-developed laterals. Tasmanian oak is referred to as alpine ash, mountain ash, mountain white gum, blue leaf and Australian oak. in DBH (97 in. Oregon white oak is an early successional species on better sites, where it is replaced by Douglas-fir and bigleaf maple in the absence of fire. A much smaller volume (13 MMCF) occurs in western Washington (Appendix 1, Table 1). Managing Oregon white oak communities for wildlife in Oregon’s Willamette Valley: a problem analysis. White Oak is strong, beautiful, rot-resistant, easy-to-work, and economical, representing an exceptional value to woodworkers. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When David Douglas first came across the oaks, they were part of the vast woodland savannas of the Puget Sound Lowland and the Willamette Valley. R. Burns, tech compil. David Douglas named the tree in honor of Nicholas Garry, secretary and later deputy governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, who was helpful to Douglas when he was in western North America in 1826 looking for native plants suitable for horticultural introduction in Great Britain. It is the only ash native to the Pacific Northwest. We do not ship small orders due to the prohibitive cost of shipping live plant material. Medicine: Bark of white oak contains tannin, an astringent, which can be applied to insect bites. The average specific gravity is 0.72 (green) or 0.75 (ovendry). With adequate moisture early in the season, relatively large trees may develop on sites where severe summer drought limits other species. One 27-inch diameter trunk was 251 years old; larger trees may exceed 400 years. Acorns should be collected from September to November. STEIN, W.I. Oregon white oak usually flowers later than common associates, in March in the south, and June in the north. Le parc d'État de Goosenecks (anglais : Goosenecks State Park) est un parc naturel américain situé dans l'Utah, parcouru par la rivière San Juan.. White oaks also bend exceptionally well after steaming. fruticosa ; Quercus garryana var. Sadly, it also makes excellent firewood. The dry wood is has no characteristic odor or taste. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon white oaks are 50 to 90 ft tall (120 ft maximum) and 24 to 40 in. Both acorns and foliage provide high-protein food for many animals. Use of # in this list. Oregon ash, a member of the olive family (Oleaceae), is one of 16 species of ash in the United States. FRANKLIN. Genetics Oregon white oak hybridizes with four other oaks in California. McDONALD, P.M., D. MINORE, and T. ATZET. Small, red female flowers appear in the axils of new leaves. It is used to treat a range of sicknesses including diarrhea relief, varicose veins, and the cold or flu. It is recommended that saws and other tools have hook angles of 15 to 20° and sharpness angles of 55° for optimum performance on white oaks. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature Oregon ash attain heights of 60 to 80 ft and DBH of 16 to 30 in. The introduction of the alien wild turkey in the 1970s will likely have the same effect on oak recruitment. General Technical Report PSW54. Uses Oregon white oak is used for furniture, flooring, railroad ties, tight cooperage, turnings, veneer (sliced), millwork, fence posts, mine timbers, handles, boxes, crates, pallets, caskets, pulp chips, and fuelwood. The massive, branching trunks and broad crowns of old white oaks are characteristic features of valley woodlands in the Pacific Northwest. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. breweriana; to tall, slender, crowded trees, known as forest-form oaks; to occasional isolated specimens with short, wide trunks and broad, sweeping limbs, known as savanna-form oaks. long and half as wide, and average 85 seeds/lb. Oregon ash is also common under these conditions. Production of Oregon white oak Quercus garryana acorns in the Willamette Valley, Oregon utilization by deer. 1993. Adhesives Oregon white oak bonds satisfactorily, and there are no unusual problems when gluing conditions are well controlled. Two of note are the acorn woodpecker and Merriam’s wild turkey. Unfortunately, park managers Oregon white oak Quercus garryana Douglas ex Hook. The white oak tree (Quercus alba) is a long-lived tree used for shade in landscapes and it is one of the most important timber species in the United States. Common associate trees of Oregon white oak are Douglas-fir, grand fir, ponderosa pine, bigleaf maple, Pacific madrone, California black oak, Oregon ash, and cherry. Use it where it will have excellent drainage, doesn't get too wet. 1990. This commonly occurs on heavy clays, coarse-textured flood plains, and river terraces in the interior valleys. Additional information regarding the decay resistance of Oregon white oak is available in . Faster growth, particularly in diameter, is possible (3 to 10 rings/in.). Species with evergreen foliage ("live oaks") are tagged #.Note that the change from the deciduous to the evergreen term (or vice versa) has happened on numerous occasions in the genus Quercus, and does not necessarily indicate that the species concerned are closely related.. Subgenus Quercus Section Quercus Wildlife Society, Bulletin 8:348-350. When European settlers arrived in the region, the fires were no longer set, allowing young trees to form forest-like thickets of tall spindly trees. Hundreds of other insect species live on Oregon white oaks, although few cause significant damage. In forest stands on good sites, Oregon white oaks develop narrow crowns with small branches on straight, clear stems. Northwest Trees: identifying and understanding our native trees. Seed Oregon white oak has large acorns, which are about 1.2 in. Moerman D.E. For more on the uses, characteristics, and properties of Oregon white oak wood and factors that may affect these characteristics, see [82,104]. Smaller trees are generally killed or badly injured by fire. Histoire. Healthy Oregon white oak are not prone to windthrow or breakage. Good potential for growth of this species is indicated by the following site characteristics: Climate Oregon white oak grows across a diverse range of climates, most of which have moderate to extreme summer drought and annual precipitation of 10 to 100 in. College of ForestryOregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-5704 Phone: 541-737-2004owic@oregonstate.edu................... Oregon Producers and Users of Oregon white oak, Forest Engineering, Resources & Management, Top height on mature trees of at least 60 ft, Sustained height growth of 1 to 2 ft per year for trees 10 to 30 years old. Genus: Quercus. Main Uses of White Oak are : 1. Jensen, E.C., and C.R. Height growth is usually less than 1 ft per year and diameter growth is often 15 to 20 rings/in. A decoction of the bark has been used in the treatment of tuberculosis. In more open stands and on poor sites, boles are typically short and crooked; shrubby stands of stunted trees are common. It is suggested that all the upper grades be air-dried to 20 percent MC and then kiln-dried according to a time schedule (See the table below for the appropriate kiln schedule). Machining Species in the white oak group, including Oregon white oak, generally machine well. There are hundreds of various tree species with a common name of oak, but the genus Quercus (the Latin name for oak tree) includes deciduous trees or live oaks that are native to the northern hemisphere. Trouvez les Oregon White Oak images et les photos d’actualités parfaites sur Getty Images. For commercial purposes, Oregon white oak is classed with the other white oaks in USDA Forest Service nomenclature. Connecticut’s state quarter was minted with a picture and inscription of a famous White Oak tree, The Charter Oak. East of the Cascades, oak is found on drier forest sites where it is able to more successfully compete with conifers. If you have an Oregon White Oak on your land, cherish and protect it! Some types or Oregon oaks can grow as shrubs in small garden landscapes where they grow to between 10 and 16 ft. (3 to 5 m) tall. The Oregon white oakis one of two species of native deciduous oaks in Oregon. Oregon white oak is host to six different gall-forming insect parasites and a mistletoe, Phoradendron villosum, often sought after as a winter solstice and Christmas decoration. We love the natural look of the oak on the ultra-mod cabinetry. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, California. Careful curing/ drying of glue joints is required to prevent sunken gluelines from subsequent machining. Comments: White Oak is the state tree of Connecticut, Illinois, and Maryland. Oregon white oak has the potential to grow on a wide range of sites, but west of the Cascades, it cannot compete for sunlight with taller, faster-growing conifers such as Douglas-fir (fig. Hibbs. They plane well (87 percent defect-free pieces), turn well (85 percent defect-free) and yield accurately sized, smooth-sided holes when bored and mortised. As with other Oregon white oaks, sowing seeds in the fall may be best. Oregon white oak is ring porous; the earlywood pores are large and distinct, forming a conspicuous band with each growth ring. Northwest Science 66:66-76. Rot, checks, and cross-grain have been problems in the lumber. In the past, the oak was logged for its hard, strong, and close-grained wood, for use … Extensive stands of small, shrubby white oak, often mixed with Pacific madrone, grow on sites that are often too dry to support any other tree species. The capability of a site for growing Oregon white oak should be evaluated by examining growth and form of older trees. Zones: 7 to 9. Large oaks have thick bark and are resistant to fire. When oaks are quartersawn, these rays appear as a pronounced fleck. Regular, light burns kept down competition from encroaching conifers and their own seedlings, resulted in widely scattered old savanna-form oaks. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Smith l'a appelée "Rivière Adams", du nom du président qui étatit alors John Quincy Adams.Plus tard, l'explorateur et dresseur de cartes John C. Fremont lui a donné son nom actuel. There are no known examples of operational forest plantations. Doors 5. Sprouts arise from dormant buds at the root collar and along the trunk. Flowering & Fruiting The age at which Oregon white oak first produces seed has not been determined. It has been used for pulp and is frequently used for firewood. Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, boatbuilding, barrels, and veneer. Description. Seattle: Mountaineers, 2007. Regeneration from Planting Nursery culture of Oregon white oak is relatively easy. Product Recovery Sawlogs usually have a minimum small-end diameter of 8 in., smaller logs are chipped for pulp. This information was originally published in Hardwoods of the Pacific Northwest, S.S. Niemiec, G.R. COBLENTZ, B.E. It is native to Korea, Japan (where it occurs in Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu), China and also very locally in Taiwan. Burns and B.H. An infusion of the plant has been drunk by a mother before her first … Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 1998. in DBH (97 in. It’s been used to treat a wide range of maladies including c… Stumps should be cut low to the ground in order to produce well-formed sprouts of good quality. The wood was used in sailing ships of old. GUMTOW-FARRIOR, D.L., and C.M. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” reports that the white oak has the nickname stave oak, since its … Native Americans used the acorns as a staple food source, eaten raw, or roasted, dried, cooked as a mush, soup, or bread, usually after treating acorns to remove the bitter tannins, a labor-intensive process. Oregon white oak: Its properties and uses This is a tree for many generations. The hairy mistletoe is widespread. White oak also was used as durable fence posts because of the heartwood's rot resistance and its splitability, as demonstrated by a hundred-year-old fencepost near Eugene. Timber Inventory A substantial inventory of Oregon white oak (450 MMCF) is distributed throughout western Oregon and northwestern California. when fully developed. Northwest Science 67:30-36. Ross. Although germination usually occurs in spring, seeds will germinate soon after dispersal under warm, moist conditions; they also germinate prematurely in cool, moist storage. Volume 2, Hardwoods. PLUMB, T.R., and P.M. McDONALD. Southwestern Oregon-northern California hardwoods. Open-grown trees develop very broad, rounded crowns (crown width may equal total height) with massive, crooked branches on short, massive boles. Experience with other white oaks indicates that with vigorous nursery stock, Oregon white oak has good potential for management in plantations. Oregon White Oak . Use by wildlife: Oaks are the most important genus of trees for wildlife in the United States. Oregon white oak. Stump sprouts may grow as much as 3 ft per year during the first 3 years. Type: Broadleaf. The nut meat may be ground for use in grits or meal or pounded into a paste. Oregon white oaks in the Willamette Valley have over one hundred lichen species that grow on trunks, branches, and twigs. Oak bark contains tannin , and is used by tanners for tanning leather .Seeds of White Oak commonly known as an acorn are used for making flour or roasted for acorn coffee. Of all the techniques used to manage food resources and manipulate food-producing environments, controlled burning was the most widespread and effective in most environments on the West Coast. Worth the wait Generally speaking, Oregon white oaks grow slowly in both height and diameter. Food: White (Q. alba) oak acorns are the most palatable. Both the vigor and the abundance of sprouts increase as the size of the parent tree increases. Continuing diameter growth on mature trees. The sapwood has no decay resistance and will deteriorate rapidly. Oregon white oak’s strong, hard, and attractive wood is sometimes used for flooring and other wood products. Garry Oak. Its edible acorns are a native food sweeter than other local species. Interactions with Wildlife Oregon white oak trees and stands are very important for wildlife. Associated Vegetation Many distinct Oregon white oak associations are recognized. Oregon white oaks may live 500 … Cabinets 6. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. The broad rays are readily visible to the naked eye and are separated by several to many narrow rays. Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. Hammerly. HIBBS, D.E., and B.J. The massive, branching trunks and broad crowns of old white oaks are characteristic features of valley woodlands in the Pacific Northwest. Quercus Aliena. Architectural millwork 3. Noticeable damage is often inflicted on oak by Bassettia ligni, which girdles and kills branches. End- and surface-checking result from uncontrolled or overly rapid drying; honeycomb, collapse, and ring failure occur because of wetwood. Data Analysis The new equations, with the exception of the mortality equation, were fit using the same equation forms (with new coefficient esti-mates), weights, and modeling approach used for the previous equa-tions in ORGANON (Hanus et al. Unpublished report prepared for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame Program. P. 29-32 in Silvicultural Systems for the Major Forest Types of the United States. Cellar Ridge Custom Homes, based in McMinnville, recently used our Oregon White Oak panels in an Earth Advantage Platinum home in Northeast Portland. Although it can reproduce in its own shade, Oregon white oak will die after overtopping by Douglas-fir. The sapwood is whitish to light brown; the heartwood is a pale, yellowish, grey-brown, often with a slight greenish cast. Reprint, Corvallis: Oregon State University Extension Service, 2005. Cruising and Harvesting Diameter at breast height and total height can be used with tables or equations to estimate total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume. White Oak is impervious to liquids and therefore used extensively for ship building, barrels as well as outdoor benches. 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