in this methodology, water is either dripped onto the soil surface on top of the roots or directly to the root zone. [citation needed] Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water in a controlled manner in way similar to rainfall. It can save you time. What does IRRIGATION mean? Often both may be required together to assure sustained, high-level production of crops. Irrigation System a land area, together with the network of canals and other hydraulic-engineering and operating structures that ensure its irrigation. A steady, gentle stream is used; pressure should be sufficient to reach the desired area, but not enough to force the fluid beyond the area to be irrigated. IRRIGATION. Change your default dictionary to American English. ‘These foreign bodies can be removed by irrigation or with a curette.’ ‘Dizziness was the only side effect reported and was more frequent following irrigation with room temperature solution.’ ‘Methods of mechanical debridement include the use of wet-to-dry dressings, whirlpool, and wound irrigation.’ Typical usage: “If you want to know more about elevation head you’ll need to see this glossaries definition for pressure head.” Ell A fitting used to change the direction of a pipe. Contents:Types of Irrigation1. See drip irrigation above. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Generally speaking, traditional watering methods can waste as much as 50% of the water used due to inefficiencies in irrigation, evaporation and overwatering. Irrigation in Oz Australia has seen a boom in its agricultural production in recent decades, which means that it has also seen a huge increase in the use of irrigation. irrigation [ir″ĭ-ga´shun] 1. washing of a body cavity or wound by a stream of water or other fluid. Irrigation facilities make it possible to grow more than one crop in most of the areas of the country. gates v. tr. Following are some of the most common terms that primarily apply to irrigation. Whether you choose a large spray irrigation system or a smaller system, they all work basically the same. To supply with water by means of pipes, sprinklers, ditches, or streams. Definition of irrigation noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Glossary of Irrigation Terms Version 7/1/17 Edited by Eugene W. Rochester, CID ... at the end of a definition indicate that the definition has been truncated. This is the British English definition of irrigation.View American English definition of irrigation. Irrigation time clock controllers, or timers, are an integral part of an automated irrigation system. By having a properly installed irrigation system, you don’t even have to be home when it comes time to water your lawn and landscape. Irrigation system definition, irrigation history, irrigation scheduling approaches, irrigation examples are briefly described below. Irrigation scheduling is the process by which an irrigator determines the timing and quantity of water to be applied to the crop or pasture. The main types of irrigation are briefly explained in this article. The challenge is to estimate crop water requirements for different growth stages and climatic conditions. Irrigation is the watering of land to make it ready for agriculture. Subirrigation is the distribution of water to soil below the surface; it provides moisture to crops by upward capillary action. Like many other water system definitions, irrigation has many terms seemingly unique to the industry. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. A timer is an essential tool to apply water in the necessary quantity at the right time. Spray irrigation applies water like rain over the designated area. Irrigation has stabilized the output and yield levels. Elevation Head A measurement of pressure. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. The first consideration in planning an irrigation project is developing a water supply. Drip System An irrigation system that uses drip irrigation. More efficient than manual watering, irrigation systems are affordable and easy to set-up. Suspended cycle irrigation systems, which are set like traditional timer controllers, with watering schedules, start times and duration. Irrigation and drainage improvements are not necessarily mutually exclusive. 4- Micro-irrigation. Micro-irrigation, sometimes called localized irrigation, low volume irrigation, or trickle irrigation is a system where water is distributed under low pressure through a piped network, in a pre-determined pattern, and applied as a small discharge to each plant or adjacent to it. A derivative of this system, called gentle spray irrigation, is used in areas where wind, a lack of humidity, or high heat levels may increase water waste during irrigation. Spray irrigation relies on a series of hoses and sprayers or sprinklers – you’re probably familiar with this from automatic lawn-watering systems. The parts of a center pivot irrigation system generally include pipes, trusses, wheel towers, and sprinklers. Trickle irrigation involves the slow release of water to each plant through small plastic… This system is similar to the way you might water your lawn at home - stand there with a hose and spray the water out in all directions. Irrigation has helped to bring most of the fallow land under cultivation. Definition and synonyms of irrigation from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Three major types of surface irrigation are level basin, furrow, and border strip. If you want to start a strawberry farm in the desert, irrigation will be necessary. 2. Definition - What does Irrigation System mean? Surface irrigation (flood irrigation): It is most common form of irrigation where water is applied and distributed over the soil surface by gravity. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. Best suited to larger gardens, irrigation systems can help reduce your workload by automatically water your plants and crops. In such a case, it is known as a linear move irrigation system. A modern large-scale irrigation system consists of the main dam and a network of diversion structures to distribute the water to where it is needed. Such structures include canals, pumping stations, and barrages. Sub-Surface Irrigation System Types of Irrigation Irrigation can be […] 2. Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying irrigation water which is similar to natural rainfall. Other articles where Sprinkler system is discussed: horticulture: Water management: Sprinkler irrigation is application of water under pressure as simulated rain. Spray irrigation is a modern and commonly-used system of irrigating, but it also requires machinery. • Direct Irrigation system – is without storing water Ø W eir/Barrage is constructed across river , raising water level • Reservoir – is when structure is constructed to store A system of man-made channels for supplying water to land to allow plants to grow. An irrigation sprinkler (also known as a water sprinkler or simply a sprinkler) is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas.They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust. Definition – What is drip irrigation? Timers can lead to an under- or over-irrigation if they are not correctly programmed or the water quantity is calculated incorrectly (CARDENAS-LAILHACAR 2006). omegawiki. Modern irrigation system planning and construction Water supply. Man with hands on his hips . The equipment used for this type of irrigation can also be altered to move in a straight line. One of the greatest advantages of a smart irrigation system is its ability to save water. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is IRRIGATION? Irrigation definition: Irrigation is bathing or washing out a body part, cavity, or wound with water or a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What is Irrigation System? irrigation system Definitions. Irrigation systems can deliver the proper amount of water needed to effectively grow a healthy lawn and landscape. Example sentences with "irrigation system", translation memory. Water will run through a hose or pipe from the water source. Benefits of Having an Irrigation System. irrigation system in English translation and definition "irrigation system", Dictionary English-English online. Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. Note many of the terms with different names have substantially the same definition as others. Large scale spray irrigation systems are in … What is drip irrigation?-Drip irrigation is a methodology of controlled irrigation within which water is slowly delivered to the root system of multiple plants. Drip Irrigation System is a type of micro-irrigation method, which allows slow application of water to the soil consistently over a longer period of time. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in … Using this technique there is even application of water under low pressure to all the plants in the field. ... advance ratio [AR]: Ratio of the time for the water to reach the end of the field to the total set time for an irrigation set on a furrow irrigation system. The Australian government estimates that 70 percent of the water used in rural Australia is used for irrigation. The water flows from the reservoir into a main canal that conveys water to the irrigation sites. The drawback of this irrigation system is wastage of water and its inefficient utilization. View the pronunciation for irrigation. Definition of Irrigation Terms. The difference is that the system will stop the next scheduled irrigation when there is enough moisture in the soil. It can save you money. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Surface Irrigation2. The owner of land over which there is a current stream, is, as such, the proprietor of the current. Smart irrigation systems use sensors for real-time or historical data to inform watering routines and modify watering schedules to improve efficiency. The act of wetting or moistening the ground by artificial means. 1. Irrigation is defined as the science of artificially providing water to the land in accordance with the “crop requirement” throughout the “crop period” for the complete nourishment of the plant. A strawberry farm in the soil surface on top of the roots or to! Supply, which in … Sprinkler irrigation is a method of applying water in a controlled manner way. By pumping irrigation scheduling is the watering of land to allow plants to more. 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