He was an actor, known for Attack of the Giant Leeches (1959), The Ford Television Theatre (1952) and Jungle Jim (1955). American Society of Mechanical Engineers, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 01:05. George passed away of cause of death on month day 1914, at age 67 at death place, New York. In April 1863 he persuaded his parents to allow him to re-enlist, whereupon he joined Company M of the 16th New York Cavalry and earned promotion to the rank of corporal. Young George agreed, and within just a few hours he invented a machine to do the cutting. Westinghouse contributed $100,000 toward legal fees for Kemmler’s appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, where it was argued that death in the electric chair amounted to … The British engineer Charles Algernon Parsons began experimenting with steam turbines in 1884, beginning with a 10-horsepower (7.5 kW) turbine. He served in the Union Army and Navy during the American Civil War, then attended Union College but only for about three months. Father: George Westinghouse, Sr. (machine shop owner, b. At the same time, Thomas Edison was launching the first DC electric utility designed to light homes and businesses with his patented incandescent bulb. At the time of her death on June 23, 1914, she was living at Erskine Park in Lenox, Massachusetts - the Westinghouse summer home - and the place that she loved the most. As a boy, George greatly preferred working in his father's shop to going to school. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. obtain better workers. After the World's Fair, his company was granted a contract to build three hydroelectric power plants at Niagara Falls, New York. [citation needed], Westinghouse pursued many improvements in railway signals (which then used oil lamps). [15], During this period Westinghouse continued to pour funds and engineering resources into the goal of building a completely integrated AC system, obtaining the Sawyer–Man lamp by buying Consolidated Electric Light, developing components such as an induction meter,[16] and obtaining the rights to inventor Nikola Tesla's brushless AC induction motor along with patents for a new type of electric power distribution, polyphase alternating current. Married Life. George Westinghouse. At age 21 he invented a "car replacer", a device to guide derailed railroad cars back onto the tracks, and a reversible frog, a device used with a railroad switch to guide trains onto one of two tracks. Died:12-Mar-1914. George Westinghouse was one of the most successful inventors of the 19th century and stands toe-to-toe with Thomas Edison as one of the greats of the electrical age. Born: 6-Oct-1846Birthplace: Central Bridge, NYDied: 12-Mar-1914Location of death: New York CityCause of death: Heart FailureRemains: Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA, Gender: MaleReligion: PresbyterianRace or Ethnicity: WhiteSexual orientation: StraightOccupation: Inventor, BusinessParty Affiliation: Republican, Nationality: United StatesExecutive summary: Air brake and AC power, Military service: US Army (1863-64); US Navy (1864-66). While that phrase did not catch on and do for George Westinghouse, who had nothing to do with the development of capital punishment by electrocution, what the guillotine had done for Dr. Guillotin, the idea did. He was ordered to take a rest in 1913 as a heart ailment flared up. [34], George Westinghouse died on March 12, 1914, in New York City at age 67. This put Westinghouse's business in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who marketed direct current for electric power distribution. He later patented the device.     French Legion of Honor     National Inventors Hall of Fame 1989    Order of the Crown of Italy The Westinghouse system used a compressor on the locomotive, a reservoir and a special valve on each car, and a single pipe running the length of the train (with flexible connections) which both refilled the reservoirs and controlled the brakes, allowing the engineer to apply and release the brakes simultaneously on all cars. He then spent several years working in his father's machine shop, making slight improvements in various areas of railroad technology, and inventing a machine that put derailed rail cars back on their tracks. 1865. p. 209. Now a full-time inventor and businessman, Westinghouse made numerous improvements to railroad track, switch, and circuitry and signalling systems, and founded the Union Switch and Signal Company in 1881 (which was absorbed into Wabtec in 1917). The same conceptual design of fail-safe air brake is also found on heavy trucks. 16-Nov-1853, d. 18-Nov-1933)Brother: Albert Westinghouse (Union soldier, d. 1864 Civil War)Brother: John Westinghouse (schoolmaster)Wife: Marguerite Erskine Walker (m. 8-Aug-1867, d. Jun-1914)Son: George Westinghouse III (b. Train Airbrakes. Cause of Death: Cardiovascular Disease U.S. State: New Yorkers Founder/Co-Founder: Westinghouse Electric Company, Westinghouse Air Brake Company, Westinghouse Electric, Union Switch & Signal, British Westinghouse Westinghouse felt that reciprocating steam engines were clumsy and inefficient, and wanted to develop some class of "rotating" engine that would be more elegant and efficient. The Edison company, in collusion with Thomson-Houston, managed to arrange in 1890 that the first electric chair was powered with a Westinghouse AC generator, forcing Westinghouse to try to block this move by hiring the best lawyer of the day to (unsuccessfully) defend William Kemmler, the first man scheduled to die in the chair. At Auburn Prison in New York, the first execution by electrocution in history is carried out against William Kemmler, who had been convicted of murdering his lover, Matilda Ziegler, with an axe. Page 50 of 50 - About 500 essays. Parker Pens: Failures Of Global Marketing 931 Words | 4 Pages. He officially retired in 1909 but continued working in the private laboratory on his estate, and remained a familiar presence at his numerous businesses until about 1911, when his health began to fail. At one time, Westinghouse began to work on heat pumps that could provide heating and cooling, and believed that he might be able to extract enough power in the process for the system to run itself. He soon invented a pressure-adjustment mechanism that allowed gas to be transmitted at great pressure over long distances, and then reduced to low pressure near distribution points. At one point he was the President of 34 firms concurrently, with some 50,000 employees and offices and factories across America, Europe, and the civilized world. Birthplace and Boyhood Home in Central Bridge, New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[37]. In simplified terms, this meant that an AC infrastructure would require fewer and larger power plants, while DC would need more and smaller generating facilities, located closer to the customers' homes and factories. His body was later found by maid Alice Monaghan after she had entered Tesla's room, ignoring the "do not disturb" sign that Tesla had placed on his door two days earlier.     Dutch Ancestry Maternal, Do you know something we don't? When he turned 16, he convinced them to let him serve, and he spent one year in the Union army and one year in the Union navy. Westinghouse and his engineers devised an automatic alignment system that made turbine power practical for large vessels. A year later he founded what is now the ghost town of Duquesne to use as his company headquarters.     English Ancestry Maternal Westinghouse also had to deal with an AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which had built 22 power stations by the end of 1887[13] and by 1889 had bought out another competitor, the Brush Electric Company. It was in time nearly universally adopted by railways. In 1898 Westinghouse demonstrated a 300-kilowatt unit, replacing reciprocating engines in his air-brake factory. In December 1864 he resigned from the Army to join the Navy, serving as Acting Third Assistant Engineer on the gunboat USS Muscoota through the end of the war. Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose inventions include the Tesla coil, alternating-current (AC) electricity, and the discovery of the rotating magnetic field. By 1911, he was no longer active in business, and his health was in decline. After deteriorating health and illness confined him to a wheelchair, he died on March 12, 1914. Modern trains use brakes in various forms based on this design. At age ten, his family moved to Schenectady, New York, where George established his own workshop in the attic of the family home. WESTINGHOUSE, GEORGE. The air brake allowed longer trains to be run at faster speeds, and greatly improved safety with a fail-safe mechanism that brought the train to a tidy stop if the brake-lines were depressurized or broken. In 1888 Tesla met with company founder/president George Westinghouse and agreed to license his patents for the sum of $60,000, plus 150 shares of … Westinghouse saw AC's potential to achieve greater economies of scale as way to build a truly competitive system instead of simply building another barely competitive DC lighting system using patents just different enough to get around the Edison patents.[10]. Acclaimed in his time as the "greatest living engineer," George Westinghouse was accorded numerous honors in the U.S. and abroad, even after his death on March 12, 1914. The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Stanley, assisted by engineers Albert Schmid and Oliver B. Shallenberger, developed the Gaulard–Gibbs transformer design into the first practical transformer. Emeline passed away of cause of death on month day 1895, at age 85 at death place, Pennsylvania.     Order of Leopold, Belgium With a total of 361 patents to his credit, his last patent was granted in 1918, four years after his death. The next year he installed a 1.5-megawatt, 1,200 rpm unit for the Hartford Electric Light Company. [17][18] The acquisition of a feasible AC motor gave Westinghouse a key patent for his system, but the financial strain of buying up patents and hiring the engineers needed to build it meant development of Tesla's motor had to be put on hold for a while. 1867-08-08 Engineer George Westinghouse (20) weds Marguerite Erskine Walker in Brooklyn, New York; Historical Events. The name had been Anglicized from Westinghausen. Remains:Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA. 1883, d. 1963), University: Union College, Schenectady, NY (attended 1865), Wabtec Westinghouse Air Brake Company:Founder (1869) In 1989, Westinghouse was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. He was buried at burial place, Virginia. The plant supplied power to the Gold King Mine 3.5 miles away. [11] In 1886, with Westinghouse's backing, Stanley installed the first multiple-voltage AC power system in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, a demonstration lighting system driven by a hydroelectric generator that produced 500 volts AC stepped down to 100 volts to light incandescent bulbs in homes and businesses. 1865. pg. On the other hand, AC had a key technological advantage — its voltage could be transmitted at a low power, then amplified to a higher level by means of a transformer at or near the user's location. He died on June 13, 1979 in Los Angeles County, California, USA. 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