For a growing number of New Zealanders, their country's participation in the conflict triggered a re-examination of its foreign policy and identity. One RNZAF member of the NZSMT, Sgt Gordon Watt, was killed by a booby trap in 1970, the RNZAF's only casualty of the war. Protest movements in New Zealand against the Vietnam War divided society between those who were in support of New Zealand’s involvement and those who thought New Zealand had no place in the war. [44], From 1965 the Royal New Zealand Air Force contribution was in the form of transportation with No. 3 Squadron RNZAF served with No. The gunners joined an Australian field regiment, the infantrymen formed part of an Anzac battalion and the SAS served with an Australian SAS squadron. All who served were regulars, or personnel who enlisted in the Regular Force in order to join V Force. 11 (some sources say 10) RNZIR personnel served as detachments to the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam which operated in Vietnam from 1962–1972. RNZAF transport aircraft supported New Zealand forces in Vietnam throughout the war. New Zealand casualties during the Vietnam War were: RNZE: 2, RNZA: 5, RNZIR: 27, RNZAF: 1, NZSAS: 1, RNZAMC: 1 (for a total of 37) and 187 wounded. To offset Whisky 3's withdrawal, in January 1971 the New Zealand government committed the 1st New Zealand Army Training Team (1 NZATTV) to Vietnam. In July 1967 President Lyndon B. Johnson sent two of his principal advisers, Clark Clifford and Gen. Maxwell Taylor, to Australia and New Zealand with an urgent mission. On the same day of their arrival, a small headquarters unit established in Saigon. New Zealand's Vietnam War. In the early 1970s, anti-Vietnam war groups organised 'mobilisations', when thousands marched in protest against the war in all the country's major centres. While it was considered that New Zealand should support South Vietnam, as Holyoake alleged; Whose will is to prevail in South Vietnam? One of the first acts of Prime Minister Norman Kirk's Labour Party government (elected in December 1972) was to withdraw both training teams and the New Zealand headquarters in Saigon. From 1967, Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) pilots flew helicopters with 9 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force, while others operated as forward air controllers with the United States Air Force. New Zealand troops are quickly withdrawn without much controversy after the Labour Party's return to office in 1972. This may have been due to protests in New Zealand. From 1961, New Zealand came under pressure from the United States of America to contribute military and economic assistance to South Vietnam, but refused. This team also provided first aid instruction and specialist medical instruction at Dong Ba Thin's 50-bed hospital. New Zealand's involvement in the Vietnam War was highly controversial, sparking widespread protest at home from anti-Vietnam War movements modelled on their American counterparts. [35], Whisky 3 Company was withdrawn without replacement in November 1970. The New Zealanders relieved a United States Army medical team at Bong Son in Bình Định Province. Two civilians serving with the surgical and Red Cross teams also lost their lives. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. [23] On this tour Mortar and Assault Pioneer Sections were added to each of the New Zealand companies. Key battles. [16], Following agreement between the Australian and New Zealand Governments in late February 1968, V2 Company and W Company and A, B, and C Companies of 2RAR were amalgamated to become 2RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion (2RAR/NZ) from 1 March 1968. The outcome of the war prompted New Zealand to re-evaluate its alliance policy – most notably the forward defence strategy. New Zealand joined its major allies in recognising the French-sponsored Bao Dai regime in 1950, but remained unsure about the strength and legitimacy of the non-communist forces in Vietnam. With substantial forces stationed in Malaysia (in Confrontation with Indonesia from 1963), New Zealand had few military resources to spare for Vietnam without introducing conscription. The doctors and nurses who worked there were all volunteers from New Zealand hospitals. [93][94], New Zealand artillerymen carry out a fire mission in South Vietnam, New Zealand Army Detachment Vietnam (NEWZAD), New Zealand Services Medical Team (NZSMT), Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment (RNZIR), Corps of Royal New Zealand Engineers (RNZE), Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (RNZEME), Royal New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps (RNZAOC), Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps (RNZAMC), Royal New Zealand Army Service Corps (RNZASC), Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals (RNZSigs), New Zealand Army Training Team Vietnam (1 NZATTV & 2 NZATTV), New Zealand Attachments to United States Army, Air Force and Navy, New Zealand Attachments to Australian Army, Air Force, and Navy. New Zealand joined its major allies in recognising the French-sponsored Bao Dai regime in 1950, but remained unsure about the strength and legitimacy of the non-communist forces in Vietnam. From 1966, New Zealand units were integrated within the 1st Australian Task Force at Nui Dat in Phuoc Tuy province. Backed by Ho Chi Minh’s North Vietnamese, the Viet Cong posed a serious threat to the southern government, which the United States increasingly bolstered with military and economic assistance. In early 1966, the escalation of the war in Vietnam continued. In December a second Victor Company was deployed to Vietnam and was joined by Whisky Company in December, both from the 1st Battalion. The team worked for civilians at the Binh Dinh Province Hospital, in Qui Nhon, an overcrowded, and dirty facility almost completely lacking equipment and bedding. From 1960, insurgents from the communist-dominated National Liberation Front – dubbed ‘Viet Cong’ in the south – fought a guerrilla campaign against a South Vietnamese regime that was now led by Ngo Dinh Diem. The Vietnam war and the dissonance of a US at odds with itself throb in the surreal chaos Hendrix makes of a song written in 1813 to express love of the flag: O … Rest and recreation. [90][91][92] There have been continuing claims that the suburb of Paritutu has also been polluted. )[43] Both New Zealand Army training teams consisted mainly of RNZIR personnel. [69] The last commander of 1NZATTV (5 Dec 1972 – 13 Dec 1972), Major TD Macfarlane, was from RNZSigs. New Zealand's road to Vietnam. America had been through nearly twenty years of the Cold War and they were … [77], Five members from various branches of the New Zealand military whom had also trained as Army pilots served with the Australian 161st Independent Reconnaissance Flight.[78][79]. From the mid-1960s, an organised anti-Vietnam War movement challenged the whole philosophy underlying New Zealand’s national security policies, and the benefits and consequences of its alliances. New Zealand Prime Minister K.J. The potential adverse effect on the ANZUS alliance of not supporting the United States (and Australia) in Vietnam was key. )[14][15] A NZ Component was established at Nui Dat to manage national administration of the New Zealand contingents within 1 ATF. The anti-war movement grew during the closing stages of the Vietnam War. We have 7 events in history, 4 biographies, 9 articles, 3 comments related to Vietnam War. Even so, there was a vocal and well-organised anti-war movement in New Zealand. In 1963 Prime Minister Keith Holyoake agreed to send non-combatant troops into the Vietnam War. The new foreign policy which follows as a result of these protests is the reason behind New Zealand rejecting visits from ships from the United States over anti-nuclear protests during the period of time after 1985. Click here for a full list of resources related to New Zealand's Vietnam War. New techniques. [70], As American focus shifted to President Richard Nixon's "Vietnamization" program – a policy of slow disengagement from the war by gradually building up the Army of the Republic of Vietnam so that it could fight the war on its own - the New Zealand government dispatched the 1st New Zealand Army Training Team Vietnam (1 NZATTV) in January 1971. They also treated military casualties who were brought to the Bong Son Dispensary, including Army of the Republic of Vietnam personnel and Viet Cong prisoners. Many New Zealand individuals received military awards for activities in Vietnam, including American military service awards and citations. During the first Indo-China War (1946-1954) between the communist-dominated Viet Minh and France, New Zealand accepted the British-American view that Vietnam was a crucial point on the front line against communist expansion in Asia. As the last 1 ATF battalion left, 4 RAR/NZ moved the South Vietnamese forces fully into Nui Dat. Like their counterparts overseas, local protestors espoused moral objections to New Zealand’s participation in the Vietnam War, including opposition to the weapons and tactics being engaged, and their impact on innocent civilians. This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. In the end, it was changing American policy, rather than protest activity, that led the New Zealand government to begin its own phased withdrawal of troops. 2014 New Zealand war memorial day petition: 12,000: Nationwide Petition to raise awareness of the New Zealand wars by creating a memorial day The Battery left Vietnam in May 1971 after providing virtually continuous fire support usually in support of Australian and New Zealand infantry units for six years, with over 750 men having served with the Battery with a loss of five casualties during the period of its deployment. Additionally, RNZIR personnel served in administrative roles at the New Zealand HQ V Force in Saigon,[41] in support and logistic roles within the ANZAC Battalions at Nui Dat,[42] and in the 1st Australian Logistics Support Group (1 ALSG. [37] This would be the final ANZAC Battalion before Australian and New Zealand combat troops were withdrawn in December 1971. The discovery of the hospital would prove to be a major defeat for the Communist forces in the area. One member also served in 1 NZATTV.[62]. 'Mobilisations' in the early 1970s saw thousands in major centres march in protest against the war. In 1967, it sent two infantry companies – V and W – from the 1st Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment in Malaysia, along with a tri-service medical team – 1st New Zealand Services Medical Team. One company from 4 RAR, remained behind until 12 March 1972 in order to provide security to rear details. The team's role was to provide medical and surgical assistance to South Vietnamese civilians and developing local knowledge in this field. [12] One RNZAF member of the NZSMT, Sgt Gordon Watt, was killed by a booby trap in 1970.[13]. Oral historians recorded more than 150 interviews between 2008 and 2012, and the digital archive continues to collect memories and memorabilia related to New Zealand’s Vietnam War. [22] The battalion 2IC was RNZIR officer Major Neville Alan Wallace. The New Zealand publics’ opinion was polarized due to New Zealand’s involvement in the war, and public debate was generated over New Zealand’s foreign policy in particular how it relied on an alliance-based security. In December 1972, Norman Kirk’s newly elected Labour government withdrew both training teams. The first Victor Company served a 6-month tour of duty. The conflict and the anti-war movement ushered in a new era of debate about New Zealand's place in the world. After combat troop withdrawals in 1971 several RNZAMC personnel were part of the NZAATV teams. In 1962, Australia sent advisors, as the United States had, but again New Zealand refused to make a similar contribution. Protests against the Vietnam War did not start when America declared her open involvement in the war in 1964.America rallied to the call of the commander-in-chief and after the Gulf of Tonkin incident it became very apparent that few would raise protests against the decision to militarily support South Vietnam. [81] This is the first Australian Unit Citation for Gallantry offered to a New Zealand military unit.[82]. [7] It was seen as in the nation's best interests to do so—failure to contribute even a token force to the effort in Vietnam would have undermined New Zealand's position in ANZUS and could have had an adverse effect on the alliance itself. In line with reductions in American and Australian strength in Vietnam, New Zealand began the gradual withdrawal of its combat forces as the training teams were arriving. In 1967 two RNZAF pilots were seconded to the Royal Australian Air Force's No. The protests mark a split in foreign policies between the two major political parties of Labour and National. The New Zealand Army Detachment (NEWZAD) engineers were replaced by the Battery in July 1965, which consisted of nine officers and 101 other ranks and four 105 mm L5 pack howitzers (later increased to six, and in 1967 replaced with 105 mm M2A2 Howitzers). April 1963: NZ civilian surgical team arrives in VietnamJune 1964: NEWZAD arrives in VietnamJuly 1965: NEWZAD withdrawn; 161 Battery RNZA arrives in VietnamJune 1966: 161 Bty comes under operational control of 1ATF at Nui Dat, Phuoc Tuy provinceAugust 1966: 161 Bty involved in the Battle of Long TanApril 1967: NZSMT arrives in VietnamMay 1967: V Company 1RNZIR arrives in VietnamNovember 1967: V Coy replaced by V2 CoyDecember 1967: W Company 1RNZIR arrives in VietnamMarch 1968: NZ infantry companies integrate with 2RAR to form 2RAR/NZ (Anzac) Battalion at Nui Dat, Phuoc Tuy provinceMay 1968: V2 Coy replaced by V3 CoyNovember 1968: W Coy replaced by W2 CoyMay 1969: V3 Coy replaced by V4 CoyNovember 1969: W2 Coy replaced by W3 CoyMay 1970: V4 Coy replaced by V5 CoyNovember 1970: W3 Coy withdrawn from VietnamJanuary 1971: 1NZATTV arrives in VietnamMay 1971: 161 Bty withdrawn from Vietnam; V5 Coy replaced by V6 CoyDecember 1971: NZSMT and V6 Coy withdrawn from VietnamMarch 1972: 2NZATTV arrives in VietnamDecember 1972: Training teams withdrawn from VietnamMarch 1975: NZ civilian surgical team withdrawn from VietnamApril 1975: NZ Ambassador evacuated from Saigon; last RNZAF flight out of Vietnam, See detailed timeline (VietnamWar.govt.nz). Vietnam Veterans Against the War Homepage Over 30,000 Vietnam Veterans were protesting the war while it was still going on. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? In 1984, Agent Orange manufacturers paid New Zealand, Australian and Canadian veterans in an out-of-court settlement, and in 2004 Prime Minister Helen Clark's government apologised to Vietnam War veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange or other toxic defoliants, following a health select committee's inquiry into the use of Agent Orange on New Zealand servicemen and its effects. [80], In 2019 the Australian government awarded the Australian Unit Citation for Gallantry to all members of 161 Battery for their part in the Battle of Coral-Balmoral. This was the first war in which New Zealand did not fight alongside its traditional ally, Great Britain. [13], In November 1968, New Zealand's contribution to the 1st Australian Task Force was increased by the deployment of 4 Troop, New Zealand Special Air Service, comprising an officer and 25 other ranks. Two more RNZAF pilots joined No. [citation needed], In December 2006, the New Zealand Government, the Ex-Vietnam Services Association (EVSA) and the Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association (RNZRSA) agreed to, and signed, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) following the recommendations of the Joint Working Group, designated with advocacy for Veteran's concerns. SCIS No. Some of these attachments were planned as part of officers' career planning by Defence Headquarters; others were opportunity attachments through contact with Allied commanders at many levels. The first New Zealand troops into action were the gunners of 161 Battery, Royal New Zealand Artillery. [25][26][27] The second was Operation Townsville (20 March – 23 April 1970) which resulted in Victor Company finding the headquarters of the main Viet Cong supply group and capturing the operational signals codes and one-time cipher pads used by the Viet Cong headquarters. Sailors from the HMNZS Taranaki in the foreground, with police and anti Vietnam war protesters, at the opening of Parliament in Wellington, in 1969. For those who served in Vietnam, the war left a searing legacy. [49], Each time New Zealand military contribution to South Vietnam increased, a work party of the Corps of Royal New Zealand Engineers was sent to assist in preparing the site for the new arrivals. Thirty-seven men died while on active service and 187 were wounded. Crown apology to Viet Nam veterans, 2008 (NZ Government), 2006 Memorandum of Understanding (Department of Internal Affairs), Vietnam War 1962-1972 (Australian War Memorial). New Zealand's involvement in Vietnam was highly controversial and attracted protest and condemnation at home and abroad. [53][54][55] Two RNZE sappers were killed while serving with the RNZIR infantry companies. At its peak in 1968, New Zealand’s military force numbered only 548. The average bed-state was 92 and approximately 46,000 outpatients (mostly civilians) were treated annually before the team's withdrawal in December 1971. [8][9] On 4 December 1965 a car bomb explosion in Saigon claimed the life of one member of HQ V Force and injured three others. Instead, our participation reflected this country's increasingly strong defence ties with the United States and Australia. Not until June 1964 did twenty-five Army engineers arrive in South Vietnam. The government preferred minimal involvement, with other South East Asian deployments already placing a strain on New Zealand's armed forces. The struggle in Vietnam was part of a broader Cold War between the communist bloc headed by the Soviet Union and its former wartime allies in the West. [68], Members of the Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals served in all New Zealand units in Vietnam, including RNZA, RNZIR, NZSAS, V Force HQ and as part of the NZ Component at Nui Dat. By then, more than 3000 military personnel had served with New Zealand’s Vietnam (V) Force in Vietnam. [36], On 6 May 1971 Victor 5 was replaced by Victor 6 and on 22 May 2 RAR was replaced by 4 RAR. Although New Zealand's involvement in the war was very limited compared to the contributions of some of its allies, it still triggered a large anti-Vietnam War movement at home. In 2006, the New Zealand government signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Vietnam veterans and their families. New Zealand Protest. By the latter stages of the war, the anti-war movement had merged with other major causes – women's rights, the anti-apartheid movement – to spawn what some termed the ‘Vietnam Generation’. Lieutenant Colonel Royal NZ Engineers Headquarters NZ V Force", "United States Bronze Star with V Device Brian David Chippindale 822606. The Vietnam moratorium protests, the first of which took place on 8 May 1970, were the largest public demonstrations in Australia’s history at the time. [52] Several RNZE personnel also served in these capacities with the NZSAS. New Zealand society was changed politically as a direct consequence of the anti-Vietnam War movement through its transformation of the Labour Party and change in foreign policy. During the first Indo-China War (1946-1954) between the communist-dominated Viet Minh and France, New Zealand accepted the British-American view that Vietnam was a crucial point on the front line against communist expansion in Asia. New Zealand protests were similar to those in the United States– criticising the policies of the United States government and challenging seriously for the first time New Zealand's alliance-based security, calling for a more 'independent' foreign policy which was not submissive to that of the United States and denying that com… Anti-war slogans w… In May 1965, Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announced that New Zealand would send a combat unit to join the United States-led coalition in Vietnam. Some served as intelligence officers with 1ATF. Some 50 RNZAOC personnel served in the headquarters of 1 ALSG thereafter. There are also numerous protests at Anzac Day, especially in Christchurch, where anti-war activists attempt to lay wreaths commemorating the dead of both sides, or 'victims of fascism in Vietnam'. [60] The initial NEWZAD deployment included a few RNZEME personnel, as did the latter NZATTV. In late March 1966, a series of protests took place over three days across America. The battery also played important roles during the Tet Offensive and the Battle of Coral–Balmoral in 1968. Following the end of the Indonesia–Malaysia Confrontation, New Zealand came under renewed pressure from Washington to expand its commitment in Vietnam. By the end of the war, 3400 New Zealanders had fought in Vietnam with casualty figures of 37 dead and 187 wounded. Some RNZEME personnel served in the RNZIR rifle companies, the ANZAC Battalions (Command & Support), as well as at the New Zealand V Force HQ in Saigon. RNZEME personnel who had been in the LSE were taken for the most part into the Light Aid Detachment (LAD) of the Australian Artillery Field Regiment which 161 Bty was integrated with.[59]. The lesson fits in with the new GCSE AQA specification, but could be used for other exam boards. Despite popular sentiment apparently against the conflict, especially in its final years, Holyoake's National Party was re-elected into government twice during the course of the war. In line with reductions in American and Australian strength in Vietnam, New Zealand began the gradual withdrawal of its combat forces as the training teams were arriving. 1975 - The first reunion of New Zealand Vietnam veterans was held. A Special Air Service (SAS) troop arrived the following year. By 1971 16 New Zealand pilots had served in 9 Squadron. In May 1967, a 182-man rifle company, (Victor One Company) was deployed to Vietnam from the 1st Battalion of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment in Malaysia. By then, a total of 3,890 New Zealand military personnel, all volunteers, had served in Vietnam from June 1964 to December 1972. [39], Over the five-year period, more than 1,600 New Zealand soldiers of the nine NZ rifle companies engaged in a constant round of jungle patrols, ambushes, and cordon-and-search operations in both battalion and independently conducted operations, for a loss of 24 killed and 147 wounded.[40]. More than one million soldiers and perhaps two million civilians died during the war. This web feature was originally adapted from Roberto Rabel's entry in The Oxford companion to New Zealand military history and produced by the NZHistory.net.nz team. Surgical and medical support. Protests were initially peaceful and included sit-ins or teach-ins or marches, but they eventually erupted into violence. 9 Squadron in 1968 to fly helicopters, often in support of the Australian and New Zealand SAS. The book New Zealand's Vietnam War by Ian McGibbon, published in 2010, completed the project of official war histories begun in 1945 and focuses on what New Zealand did in south Vietnam.. New Zealand and the Vietnam War. The Royal New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps did not contribute a standalone unit to Vietnam but provided individuals to serve in various Australian and New Zealand units. New Zealand decided to send troops to Vietnam in 1964 because of Cold War concerns and alliance considerations. The protests against the Vietnam War were a series of demonstrations against American involvement in the conflict between North and South Vietnam. New Zealand and the Vietnam War images from Alexander Turnbull Library 1969. [19] On 1 June 2 RAR was replaced by 4th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (4 RAR) and the joint Australian and New Zealander infantry forces became 4 RAR/NZ (ANZAC) again with a New Zealander as 2IC, Major ATA Mataira. [20][21] On 8 November 1968 the first Whisky Company left Vietnam and was replaced by a second Whisky Company. [2] The surgical team was initially made up of seven men and would eventually grow to sixteen, and remained in the country until 1975. 1969: Fire crackers thrown at an election meeting addressed by the Prime Minister with 30 arrests. [51], Sappers from the Royal New Zealand Engineers accompanied the RNZIR infantry patrols as Assault pioneers to assist with mine clearing and Combat engineering tasks. New Zealand service personnel and civilian volunteers were in the jungles, skies, hospital wards, training camps, ... On operations. Based at Dong Ba Thin, near Cam Ranh Bay, it helped train Cambodian battalions. Other RNZAOC members served with the New Zealand headquarters (HQ V Force) in Saigon, 1 ATF headquarters at Nui Dat, 161st (Independent) Reconnaissance Flight, 161 Battery RNZA, and the RNZIR rifle companies. [29][30][31] Both RNZIR companies conducted a number of independent, company-level land clearing and mine sweeping operations providing security for Australian and American engineer teams. It stressed that it was fulfilling treaty obligations and upholding the principles of collective security that had been so important to New Zealand since the Second World War. New Zealand focused its defence strategy on ‘forward defence’ in Asia – an attempt to keep communism as far away from its shores as possible. In 1969 Labour declared that they would withdraw New Zealand troops from Vietnam if elected, despite their … A second, 18-strong team arrived in March 1972. This topic covers the anti-war protests, defence forces, action in Vietnam, apology from the Crown, compensation for veterans and refugees from Vietnam. More than 3000 New Zealand military and civilian personnel served in Vietnam between 1963 and 1975. The Australians departed on 8 December and the New Zealanders departed on 9 December. Anti-war protesters disrupted a civic reception in Auckland for New Zealand soldiers returning from the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War protests are still remembered on ANZAC Days in New Zealand for significance in the change of direction in New Zealand's foreign policy. Despite a brief upsurge in protests following and resumption of the air war against North Vietnam in the spring of 1972, the factionalization of the movement and the withdrawal of most U.S. forces led to a decline in protests. The protest movement is backed by Norman Kirk's Labour government which supports a prompt withdrawal of New Zealand troops. [24], The New Zealand infantry companies in 6 RAR/NZ played major roles in two extremely significant and successful operations conducted by the 1st Australian Task Force in 1969 and 1970. RNZAF personnel were also posted to HQ V Force and worked primarily in Saigon in a range of liaison duties. Numbering 25 men from different branches of service of the New Zealand Army, including RNZIR, RNZA, RNZE, RNZEME, RNZAMC, RNZAC, RNZSigs, RNZASC, and RNZAOC, it assisted the United States Army Training Team in Chi Lang. [88] New Zealand writer and historian, Deborah Challinor, includes a new chapter in her second edition release of Grey Ghosts: New Zealand Vietnam Veterans Talk About Their War that discusses the handling of the New Zealand Vietnam Veterans' claims, including the Reeves, McLeod and Health Committee reports, and the reconciliation/welcome parade on Queen's Birthday Weekend, 2008, also known as 'Tribute 08'. Publication date: November 2019 NZ RRP (incl. From protest about war – be it the New Zealand Wars, the Great War, the Vietnam War or the invasion of Iraq – to trade union action, protests against aparthei… Anti-Vietnam War protests in Auckland nzhistory.govt.nz. Based at Thủ Dầu Một, the capital of Bình Dương Province, the New Zealand Army Detachment Vietnam (NEWZAD)[4] engineers were engaged in reconstruction projects, such as road and bridge building, until July 1965.[5]. Most personnel from the Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps served with the New Zealand Services Medical Team (NZSMT) or served as medics for 161 Bty[67] and the New Zealand infantry companies, or were otherwise stationed at the New Zealand V Force Headquarters in Saigon and at 1 ALSG. This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 13:18. The Dominion and The Evening Post covered numerous anti-Vietnam War demonstrations throughout the 1960s and 70s. The lesson includes an information sheet and grid to complete as well as a complete power point. [50], Other personnel of the RNZE also served in the 1st Australian Logistics Support Group (1 ALSG), at HQ V Force headquarters, and with 198 Works Section, Royal Australian Engineers. Not all comments posted. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, New Zealand gunners loading L5 Howitzer into APC. 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