The killing of 87 beavers in Scotland – one fifth of the country’s population – proves there is an urgent need for humans to live more sympathetically alongside beavers across Britain, the Beaver Trust said today. The Beavers in Scotland Report (2015) highlights a number of implications that should be considered for beaver reintroductions in Scotland, those that have a particular bearing to Knapdale and Tayside, in the absence of the policy, have been reproduced below: 3.2.5 Genetic implications for the two beaver populations in the absence of the policy. This work is now complete, with the finishing touch being some upgrades to the car park and the Wildlife Trail. If you want to find out even more about the beavers here, visit our friends at the Argyll Beaver Centre. This was primarily thought to be due to thin strips of woodland along watercourses that were too narrow to be picked up within the baseline woodland datasets. The rugged outposts of the Outer Hebrides are home to around one fifth of Scotland’s golden eagles. Sixteen beavers were released between 2009 and 2014 in Knapdale forest, Argyll. Broadleaved tree species are managed commercially in parts of the Tayside beaver policy area and, because of the flatter terrain, a greater proportion of the land is accessible to beavers. Any data collected is anonymised. 3.2.2 Population implications for the two beaver populations in the absence of the policy. No one knows where these originated from but there may be as many as 200-300 individuals at large. In Scotland, beaver populations are currently found in two areas. The last survey in 2017 by SNH estimated that there were about 450 beavers in 114 locations in the Tay and Forth river catchments. Between May 2009 and June 2010, 16 beavers were released as part of the Scottish Beaver Trial to bring the species back to Scotland after 400 years. Tayside - the extent of prime agricultural land is illustrated in map 28 ( Appendix 1). The potential core beaver woodland map consists of 105,586 ha of suitable woodland in mainland Scotland. Beavers are ecosystem engineers and provide huge benefits to people and nature, improving water quality and flow, and creating new habitats that foster many other species. Inbreeding - individuals from genetic clusters, source populations and areas that have not been previously used in British releases are preferred, and hence close relatives of beavers already present are not preferred. There are a number of limitations to these datasets and the associated maps. Beavers had been extinct in Britain for centuries until a project by the Scottish Wildlife Trust and Royal Zoological Society of Scotland started in 2009 introduced 16 Eurasian beavers … Tayside - the River Tay supports significant recreational fisheries for Atlantic salmon, trout (including sea trout) and grayling. However, it is critical that any future releases (including within-country relocations) should be planned, co-ordinated, licensed and managed. With more beavers released into the Knapdale area of western Scotland in spring 2018, focus once again turns to Britain’s growing beaver population. Implicit in this policy statement is the requirement for a level of reinforcement of the Argyll population which forms the premise for the beaver SEA policy. Sites designated because of the presence of one of the habitat types and species of European importance associated with these habitats are identified. Beavers have been extinct in Scotland for 400 years but were illegally released into the wild in Tayside several years ago. If you are lucky, you will see original beaver power couple Bjornar and Millie or their 4 kits, nibbling and gathering bark and twigs. Diffuse pollution (sediments and fertilizers), abstraction, oxygen depletion, invasive non-native plants, abstractions and discharges. Since the mid-20th century, reintroduction programs throughout Europe have led to the return of beavers in over 25 countries. However their burrowing and dam building activities can … The potential core beaver woodland dataset was created using an estimated minimum territory size of 4 km of bank, which equates to 2 km of watercourse length. Hence, the datasets used categories of broadleaf woodland and shrub and native pinewood taken from the National Forest Inventory (, Within 50 m of freshwater edge - beavers prefer to feed in close proximity to water. Both Knapdale and Tayside core beaver policy areas contain significant and rich biodiversity interest, reflected in the high proportion of internationally and nationally important designations. There is no evidence of past beavers in Northern Ireland. Beavers have been extinct in Scotland for 400 years but were illegally released into the wild in Tayside several years ago. below low tide level). This reflects previous hunting to near-extinction and the extensive reduction in size of individual populations. Section 4 provides comprehensive information on species and habitats within the core beaver woodland, including types and sites of riparian woodland, bryophytes, fungi and lichens, terrestrial vascular plants, invertebrates, fish, amphibians and reptiles, birds and other mammals. It should be recognised that FCS's Tayside region is not consistent with the Tayside beaver policy area so these figures should be viewed only as a general guide. burrows, dams, lodges and scent mounds) were predicted by the map. The effects on the other environmental receptors will remain the same. Felling trees and gnawing tree stems encourages new growth in the forest, while building lodges and dams and forming ponds creates wetland environments that benefit other wildlife, all of which breathes new life naturally into the forest. 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